In addition to traditional publication that assigns most, if not all, copyright to the publisher, authors of books, journals and web resources have other options as well. Below are links to some of the more well know options. Please add to this list with your comments.
ProQuest/UMI offers different options when you publish with them. Their Publishing Agreement outlines these options. Carefully consider which option suits your needs.
"Section III. Publishing Options & Signature
Select the publishing options below that best fit your interests and scholarly publishing obligations.
Open Access Publishing
Many publishers now allow authors to choose an "open access" option when publishing articles in their journals (that are not themselves open access titles). This usually involves an additional publication fee, but then allows your article to be read by anyone anytime, even when their institution does NOT subscribe to the journal. There have been several studies done that show open access articles are highly cited. So if you are publishing with the following publishers you might want to consider this option.
If you are a publisher with an open access policy, please leave me a comment with details. I'll review it and, if appropriate, add it to this box.