HIST 4123: Africa and the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade

Secondary and primary sources for the history of slavery in all periods.

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Keyword vs. Subject

Keywords--terms that can appear anywhere in a record--are the quick and easy way to search.
Using keywords, you can combine multiple ideas, or locate specific essays inside collective works.

Connectors: Use "and" or "or" to specify multiple words in any field, any order. Use "and not" to exclude words. Examples:

  • gold coast and british
  • gold coast or ghana
  • gold coast and not chicago

Wildcards: Words may be right-hand truncated using an asterisk or question mark:

  • * for any number of characters
  • ? to replace a single character anywhere within a word

Examples : slave*, wom?n

Adjacency: "And" is assumed between words. Place phrases in quotes. Example:

"gold coast"

Subject Headings--terms applied by catalogers or indexers--describe the content of the item. Often, subject headings are divided by geographic place, by time period, by ethnic group, or other aspects. Subject headings are searched as phrases.

Using subject headings will pull together related records with terminology you may have not considered in your keyword search.


keywords subject headings
modern slavery human trafficking
middle passage slave trade
african cultural survivals african influences

Useful Subject Terms

Search in OneSearch, and WorldCat, the union catalog of libraries worldwide, under subjects and keywords such as:

broad topics sample subject terms
the slave trade
  • slave trade
  • slave trade--africa
  • slave trade--africa--history--18th century
  • slave trade--africa, west--history
  • slave trade--africa, east--history
  • slave trade--benin
  • slave trade--america--history
  • slave trade--brazil
  • slave trade--great britain--history--18th century
  • slave trade--united states--history
  • slave trade--virginia
  • slave trade--west indies
the institution of slavery
  • slavery--history
  • slavery--africa--history
  • slavery--economic aspects
  • slavery--social aspects
  • slavery--political aspects
  • slavery--religious aspects
  • slavery and the church
  • slavery and islam
  • antislavery movements
  • slave insurrections
  • women slaves
the history of africa
  • africa--history
  • africa--history--19th century
  • africa, west--history
  • africa, east--history
  • arabs--africa
  • tombouctou (mali)--history
  • ghana--history
  • ashanti (people)--history
other places and times
  • slavery--rome
  • slavery--greece
  • slavery--middle east
  • slavery--history-20th century
  • human trafficking
  • women foreign workers
ethnic and cultural encounters and conflicts
  • blacks--europe--history
  • antislavery movements--great britain--history
  • america--race relations
  • african diaspora
  • america--civilization--african influences
  • brazil--race relations
  • miscegenation
  • sex role--southern states--history

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  • For books, fill out a book request form manually, or use the ILLiad link in the WorldCat database. 
  • For articles, most article databases allow you to place requests directly through the Find it! service. You can also type in article requests manually. 

More about the ILL service:

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  • Read the ILL FAQs.