ENGL 4743 Studies in Nineteenth-Century British Literature and Culture

ENG 2313; 3743; 4743; etc.

What is a Citation?

A citation (or reference) is a short, multi-part description of a source. When you are engaged in scholarly discourse, which you are, as a student of the University of Arkansas, you are required to produce research documentation that is clear and concise, so that anyone can retrace your steps to replicate and validate your research. A good citation will lead the reader to the source of the information. Each of the fields of study have agreed on a citation style that meets the needs of their research community.

See our video on How to Read a Citation for assistance in understanding the parts of a citation.

Video: Scholarship as Conversation

Databases Can Help You!

Many academic databases have a citation generator built in. When you are looking at the detailed information for an item that is of interest to you, look for a link or button for citing (often a quotation marks icon). If the link is available, you will see a screen which provides you with a handy citation generator for various style manuals. Choose the style manual that your instructor has specified for this project, then cut and paste into your bibliography, reference, or works cited page.

Since it is sometimes difficult to retrace your steps to find an article citation, it is much easier to create your reference list by gathering citation information while you are doing your research! Taking good notes now saves a lot of time later.

Styles Guides for Formatting Citations

MLA (Modern Language Association) Style is most commonly used to cite sources within the humanities.

The MLA Handbook provides guidance on formatting research papers, citing sources, and writing well.