HIST 4573: New South

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Keyword vs. Subject

Keywords--terms that can appear anywhere in a record--are the quick and easy way to search.
Using keywords, you can combine multiple ideas, or locate specific essays inside collective works.

Connectors: Use "and" or "or" to specify multiple words in any field, any order. Use "and not" to exclude words. Examples:

  • populism and agrarian
  • populism or agrarian
  • populism and not agrarian

Wildcards: Words may be right-hand truncated using an asterisk or question mark:

  • * for any number of characters
  • ? to replace a single character anywhere within a word

Examples : slave*, wom?n

Adjacency: "And" is assumed between words. Place phrases in quotes. Example:

"tenant farmers"

Subject Headings--terms applied by catalogers or indexers--describe the content of the item. Often, subject headings are divided by geographic place, by time period, by ethnic group, or other aspects. Subject headings are searched as phrases.

Using subject headings will pull together related records with terminology you may have not considered in your keyword search.


keywords / ideas subject headings
women in the civil war

united states--history--civil war, 1860-1865--women
women--confederate states of america
women--southern states--history

agricultural mechanization

farm mechanization
agriculture--environmental aspects
technology--social aspects

poverty in the south

rural poor--southern states
southern states--social conditions--1865-1945
social classes--southern states--history

Useful Subject Terms

Search in OneSearch and WorldCat, the union catalog of libraries worldwide, under subjects and keywords such as:

broad topics sample subject terms
civil war
  • united states--history--civil war--1861-1865
  • united states--history--civil war--1861-1865--african americans
  • united states--history--civil war--1861-1865--economic aspects
  • united states--history--civil war--1861-1865--psychological aspects
  • united states--history--civil war--1861-1865--social aspects
  • confederate states of america--social conditions
  • confederate states of america--economic conditions
  • arkansas---history--civil war
  • reconstruction--u.s. history, 1865 1877
  • reconstruction--u.s. history, 1865 1877--sources
  • reconstruction--u.s. history, 1865 1877--mississippi
  • reconstruction--u.s. history, 1865 1877--public opinion
  • reconstruction--u.s. history, 1865 1877--social aspects
  • united states--politics and government-1865-1883
  • united states--bureau of refugees, freedmen, and abandoned lands
  • southern states--history-1865-1877
populism in the south
  • populism--southern states--history
  • labor unions--southern states
  • populism--united states--history
  • social movements--united states--history
  • agriculture--societies--etc.
  • progressivism (united state politics)
  • national farmer's alliance
jim crow and the civil rights struggle
  • civil rights movement--united states
  • civil rights movement--southern states
  • civil rights movement--alabama
  • african americans--civil rights
  • women civil rights workers
  • segregation--law and legislation--united states
  • southern states--race relations--history
sunbelt and urban south
  • metopolitan areas--sunbelt states
  • southern states--economic conditions, 1918-
  • southern states--urbanization
  • atlanta, ga--history
southern religion
  • southern states--religion
  • southern states--church history
  • temperance
  • african americans--religion
  • christian sects--southern states
  • southern states--social conditions
  • jews--southern states
ideas about the south
  • rural poor--united states--public opinion
  • mountain people
  • southern states--civilization
  • southern states in literature
  • united states--history--civil war 1861-1865--influence
  • southern states--social life and customs
  • stereotypes (social psychology)--united states