Dissertations and Theses: Some Tools to Support Your Progress

Additional resources

Web-based Citation Managers:

EndNote Basic

Allows you to save citations to a personal database and then format those citations in footnotes, endnotes, or bibliographies. It is available through Web of Science/Web of Knowledge.

Zotero is a free citation manager that are commonly used in academic circles; we have guides and some librarians teach sessions about them.


Plagiarism and academic dishonesty go beyond simply cutting and pasting text from an article or book into your paper without attribution; they can include paraphrasing without attribution or listing sources that you have not consulted in your Works Cited list. You are often be required to cite your own previous work, even if the copyright for it belongs to you. Also, according to the Berkeley Center for Teaching and Learning, it's important to note that using ChatGPT or related software to generate content is plagiarism IF you go on to submit the text as your own intellectual work. See Understanding AI Writing Tools at https://teaching.berkeley.edu/understanding-ai-writing-tools-and-their-uses-teaching-and-learning-uc-berkeley .

Citation and Style Guides

The American Psychological Association, which also produces APA PsycInfo and APA PsycArticles, produces its own style manual, which is commonly used by other disciplines such as education and social work. We have copies of the sixth and seventh editions at the Reference desk in Mullins Library and an online version. Below are links to guides that relate to this manual and other citation manuals and guidebooks. While APA is the most common style for the psychological and medical sciences, others may be required, such as journal citation styles (Agronomy Journal, Soil Science Society of America Journal, etc.). The American Sociological Association has its own style manual; so do other learned societies. Endnote Basic, Mendeley and Zotero include many of the journal-specific and association styles. Ask your professor if you have questions about what style to use.

Databases Can Help You!

Many databases provided by the Libraries have a "Cite" feature built in. When you are looking at the detailed information for an item, look for a link or button for citing. If the link is available, you will see a screen which provides with a citation in your preferred format that you can cut and paste into your bibliography.