INEG 4913: IE Capstone Experience

CRAAP Test Defined

CRAAP is an acronym and stands for Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy and Purpose.

It provides you with a list of questions to help you evaluate the information that you find. By using the CRAAP test, you will be more confident in selecting sources to meet the guidelines of your work.


Currency - Timeliness of the information

  • How old is it? 
  • When was it created, revised, or last updated?
  • Information current or out-of-date and are the links functional?

Relevance - Importance of the information.

  • Who is the intended audience?
  • Does it relate to my topic or answer the question?
  • Would you feel comfortable using the source?

Authority - Source of the information.

  • Who is the creator?
  • What are the creator's credentials and qualifications?
  • Is there any contact information and does the URL reveal anything?

Accuracy - Correctness of the information. 

  • Is the information formatted and organized well?
  • Has it been peer-reviewed?
  • Is the information supported by evidence?

Purpose - Reason for the existence of the information. 

  • What is the purpose of the information?
  • Is the information presented as fact or opinion?
  • Are there any biases or partiality?