Data Visualization

This guide collects resources and tutorials related to data visualization.

The Visualizations

Line chart

Journalists in Prison since 1998, by year. Knight Foundation. Committee to Protect Journalists. Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-SA 2.0) .


Area chart / Stacked graph

Area chart of Washington brewery production 2010-2014. Dennis Bratland .Wikimedia Commons. Area chart of Washington brewery production 2010-2014.png. Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0)


Scatter chart

Exposures to Atmospheric Effects in the Entertainment Industry. (2005)  Teschke, Kay,  Chow, Yat,  Netten, Chris,  Varughese, Sunil,  Kennedy, Susan, Brauer, Michael.   Journal of occupational and environmental hygiene. doi:10.1080/15459620590952215. Available through ResearchGate.


Cluster analysis


Hints, Linda. "The Ordovician brachiopod genus Cyrtonotella: taxonomy and distribution in the Baltic Basin / Ordoviitsiumi brahhiopood perekonnast Cyrtonotella: taksonoomia ja levik Balti basseinis." Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences, vol. 68, no. 3, 2019, p. 147+. Gale Academic OneFile, . Accessed 29 Apr. 2021. Image Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)


Density plot



Histogram and kernel density estimate for the software data. Tangzhichu. Histogram and kernel density estimate for the software data.png. Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International


Violin plot / Seaborn

Public Domain Certification Pixabay



A short tutorial on creating and customizing violin plots in Seaborn from Python plotting and visualization demystified. Alex. .

Stem and Leaf Table



Example 2b. Example of back-to-back stem-and-leaf display (ACARA, 2011, p. 72) in Students’ Reasoning About Covariation with TinkerPlots. Noleine Fitzallen. ResearchGate. .


Stream graph / ThemeRiver


U.S. music sales by format. Kash. Kaggle Forum. .


Step diagram / Staircase diagram

Weld, W. E. (1959). How To Chart: Facts From Figures With Graphs. Norwood, MA: Codex Book Company, Inc.
CC-BY-SA-3.0 .