Diversity and Inclusion at the University of Arkansas Libraries

This library guide aims to provide diversity resources and services to students, faculty, and library staff.

Terms to Know

Cultural Awareness
A person's comprehension of the differences between themselves and people from other countries or other backgrounds, especially differences in attitudes and values. (O'Neill, Mary. Collins English Dictionary. 2019.)
 
Cultural Competence
The capability to shift cultural perspective and adapt behavior to cultural commonality and difference. (Hammer, Mitchell R. "Additional Cross-Cultural Validity Testing of the Intercultural Development Inventory." International Journal of Intercultural Relations, vol. 35, no. 4, 2011, pp. 474-487.)
 
Diversity
Psychological, physical, and social differences that occur among any and all individuals; including but not limited to race, ethnicity, nationality, religion, socioeconomic status, education, marital status, language, age, gender, sexual orientation, mental or physical ability, and learning styles. A diverse group, community, or organization is one in which a variety of social and cultural characteristics exist. (Achugbue, Elsie. Diversity Glossary. Washington, D.C: NMCI Publications, 2003.)
 
Equity
The guarantee of fair treatment, access, opportunity, and advancement while at the same time striving to identify and eliminate barriers that have prevented the full participation of some groups. The principle of equity acknowledges that there are historically underserved and underrepresented populations and that fairness regarding these unbalanced conditions is needed to assist equality in the provision of effective opportunities to all groups. (GeoReadingforDiversity. https://www.georeadingforequity.com. n.d.)
 
Inclusion
The act of creating environments in which any individual or group can be and feel welcomed, respected, supported, and valued to fully participate. An inclusive and welcoming climate embraces differences and offers respect in words and actions for all people. (GeoReadingforDiversity. https://www.georeadingforequity.com. n.d.)
 
Intersectionality
The ways in which oppressive institutions (racism, sexism, homophobia, transphobia, ableism, xenophobia, classism, etc.) are interconnected and cannot be examined separately from one another. ((GeoReadingforDiversity. https://www.georeadingforequity.com. n.d.)
 
Macro culture
The dominant culture of a society that can be defined regionally or nationally. (WordSense.eu Online Dictionary. 2020).)
 
Micro culture
A smaller subset of a macroculture with unique, identifying characteristics such as custom, tradition, physical appearance, or practice. ("What is the difference between macro-culture and micro-culture?" Blog. https://xfcrs.blogspot.com/2017/07/what-is-difference-between-macro.html. n.d.
 
National Origin
The country from which a person originates or identifies with as primary.
 
Oppression
When a dominant group, whether knowingly or unknowingly, abuses a target or nondominant group. This pervasive system is rooted historically and maintained through individual and institutional/systematic discrimination, personal bias, bigotry, and social prejudice, resulting in a condition of privilege for the dominant group at the expense of the target group. (Adams, Maurianne, Lee A. Bell, and Pat Griffin. Teaching for Diversity and Social Justice. New York: Routledge, 2007.)