StaffGuide: CONTENTdm Cookbook

Recipes for Metadata Entry for the University of Arkansas Libraries


Field Name: Type
Requirement: Required (mandatory)
Repeatable: No
Search: Yes
Hide: No
Vocabulary: Yes (See below)
Dublin Core (DC) Mapping: dc.type
MARC Mapping: 655 [ 7] $a with $2=dct; Leader/06; Leader/07 (see below for specific values)
CONTENTdm Data Type: Text
Dublin Core Definition: The nature or genre of the resource. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the DCMI Type Vocabulary [DCMITYPE].
UA Definition: Term used to describe a broad category of the original object.

Use the DCMI Type for controlled vocabulary, selecting the term(s) from the chart below. The list of terms and their definitions can be found at: (The definitions for Image and Text are drawn from:

For single items, choose one Type term that best describes the primary, dominant characteristic of the item. For compound objects (resources consisting of multiple formats such as an audio file and text transcript), assign a term for each format. Enter multiple terms in the same field, separated by a semicolon and a space. List the most prominent format first.


DCMI Type DCMI Definition


Leader/06 p

Leader/07 c
An aggregation of resources. A collection is described as a group; its parts may also be separately described.


Leader/06 m

Leader/07 m
Data encoded in a defined structure. Examples include lists, tables, and databases. A dataset may be useful for direct machine processing


Leader/06 r

Leader/07 m
A non-persistent, time-based occurrence. Metadata for an event provides descriptive information that is the basis for discovery of the purpose, location, duration, and responsible agents associated with an event. Examples include an exhibition, webcast, conference, workshop, open day, performance, battle, trial, wedding, tea party, conflagration.


Leader/06 k, c, d, e, f, r

Leader/07 m
A primarily symbolic visual representation other than text. For example - images and photographs of physical objects, paintings, prints, drawings, other images and graphics, animations and moving pictures, film, diagrams, maps, musical notation. Note that image may include both electronic and physical representations.  Local practice: assign both this term and the applicable narrower term Still Image or Moving Image. 

Interactive Resource

Leader/06 m

Leader/07 m
A resource requiring interaction from the user to be understood, executed, or experienced. Examples include forms on Web pages, applets, multimedia learning objects, chat services, or virtual reality environments.

Moving Image

Leader/06 g

Leader/07 m
A series of visual representations imparting an impression of motion when shown in succession. Examples include animations, movies, television programs, videos, zoetropes, or visual output from a simulation. Instances of the type Moving Image must also be describable as instances of the broader type Image. Local practice: assign also the broader term Image.


Leader/06 m

Leader/07 m
A system that provides one or more functions. Examples include a photocopying service, a banking service, an authentication service, interlibrary loans, a Z39.50 or Web server.


Leader/06 m

Leader/07 m

A computer program in source or compiled form. Examples include a C source file, MS-Windows .exe executable, or Perl script.


Leader/06 i, j

Leader/07 m

A resource primarily intended to be heard. Examples include a music playback file format, an audio compact disc, and recorded speech or sounds.

Still Image

Leader/06 k, c, d, e, f, r

Leader/07 m

A static visual representation. Examples include paintings, drawings, graphic designs, plans and maps. Recommended best practice is to assign the type Text to images of textual materials. Instances of the type Still Image must also be describable as instances of the broader type Image.

Local practice: assign also the broader term Image.


Leader/06 a, t

Leader/07 m
A resource whose content is primarily words for reading. For example - books, letters, dissertations, poems, newspapers, articles, archives of mailing lists. Note that facsimiles or images of texts are still of the genre text.


The type “Physical Object” is defined as “an inanimate, three-dimensional object or substance,” but DCMI imposes the following restriction:  “Note that digital representations of, or surrogates for, these objects should use Image, Text or one of the other types.”  So type Physical Object will not likely be used for our collections.


Image; Still Image

Text; Sound

Revision Date: 12/19/19